What product is Hungary best known for?
Rubik's cube (by the Hungarian Erno Rubik).
Speakers: 13 million. Hungary became a Christian kingdom in 1000 AD. The country fell under foreign communist rule during the Second World War. In 1956, Hungary initiated an uprising and announced a withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact. Moscow responded with military force. Hungary held its first free political election in 1990 and also initiated a new market economy. They joined NATO in 1999 and joined the EU in 2004.
You can read the full background history of Hungary as a nation and country, from stone age to present day, by clicking this link in blue :
The Hungarian language
Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language, which is a member of the Uralic language family. The group of Finno-Ugric languages also includes Finnish, Estonian, Lappic (Sámi) and some other languages spoken in the Russian Federation. Out of these it is Khanty and Mansi that are the most closely related to Hungarian. The Hungarian name for the language is magyar. Magyar is spoken by approximately 13 million people. Most of its speakers live in Hungary (around 10 million) and Romania (around 1.5 million), but it is also spoken in Slovakia, the northern part of Serbia (Vojvodina), Ukraine and other countries. Hungarian is the official language of the Republic of Hungary and one of the official languages of the European Union (EU). It is also an official language of the Autonomous Republic of Vojvodina (Serbia) and of some places in the Republic of Slovenia. Hungarians call their language Magyar.
Hungarian has several dialects but they are not too different to make understanding difficult. The only such example may be the dialect of the Csángós of Romania. That dialect is an old and archaic version of the language.
Hungarian is written in the Latin alphabet. Some letters have accents (dots or commas above them) so while the English alphabet has 26 letters, Hungarian has 44. The writing of Hungarian is largely phonetic. This means that each letter has its own pronunciation, and it is easy to read any text once you've learned how the letters are pronounced.
Hungarian literary language is based on the Northeastern Dialect.
The earliest known written Hungarian words are to be found in a Latin document, the Foundation Charter of the Abbey of Tihany (1054). The Funeral Oration and Prayer (1192-95) and Old Hungarian Lament of Mary (13th century) are the earliest known continuous Hungarian texts. In the 16th century the first printed Hungarian texts came out. Modern Hungarian literary language appeared in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Hungarian replaced Latin as the official language used in Hungary, at first between 1844 and 1849, then from 1867 and ahead to this day.
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Hungarian Language Learning Pack (Updated)
Download from the Hungarian language learning pack collection of e-books and audio/video courses, or just take a quick look inside the Hungarian study material catalogues.